Types of Plastic
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There exist about 50 different types of plastics. Broadly plastics can be classified into two types namely Thermosetting and Thermoplastic. The Thermosetting Plastics are those that cannot be soften again, after being exposed to heat and pressure. On the action of heat and pressure, the molecular chain of thermosetting plastics become cross-linked, due to what it forbids the slippage when pressure& heat are reapplied.
The thermoplastic are those that can be soften again and again & remade by the action of heat and pressure. On the action of heat and pressure, the molecular chain of thermoplastics undergoes change and the polymers slide past each other, that results in the property of plasticity. Some of the different thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics are mentioned below.
- Vinyl Plastics :- Vinyl plastics belong to the thermoplastic group. Vinyl plastics are the sub-polymers of vinyl derivatives. These are used in laminated safety glasses, flexible tubing, molded products etc.
- Polyurethane Plastics :- Polyurethane plastics belong to the group that can be thermosetting or thermoplastic. Polyurethane is the only plastic which can be made in both rigid and flexible foams. The flexible polyurethane foam is used in mattresses, carpets, furniture etc. The rigid polyurethane foam is used in chair shells, mirror frames and many more. Due to the property of high elasticity, some polyurethane plastics are used in decorative and protective coatings. The high elasticity makes these polyurethane plastics resistant to a chemical attack.
- Polyacrylics Plastics :- Polyacrylics belong to the group of thermoplastics. Polyacrylics are transparent and decorative. Polyacrylics plastics can be shaped in any form like the windshields for airplane.
Apart from these, plastics have been also divided into seven different types by the plastic industry. These seven types of plastics are :-
- Polyethylene Terephthalate (PETE) :- PETE is one the most recycled plastic. It finds usage in various bottles like that of soda and cooking oil, etc.
- High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) :- HDPE is generally used in detergent bottles and in milk jugs.
- Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) :- PVC is commonly used in plastic pipes, furniture, water bottles, liquid detergent jars etc.
- Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) :- LDPE finds its usage in dry cleaning bags, food storage containers etc.
- Polypropylene (PP) :- PP is commonly used in bottle caps and drinking straws.
- Polystyrene (PS) :- PS is used in cups, plastic tableware etc.
- Other :- This category of plastics include those plastics which are different from the six aforesaid types of plastic. These plastics are usually used in food containers and in Tupperware.